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Archipelago-deployment-live: upgrading Drupal 9 to Drupal 10 (1.1.0 to 1.3.0)

What is this documentation for?

If you already have a well-set-up and well-loved Archipelago (1.1.0) running Drupal 9 (D9), this documentation will allow you to update to 1.3.0 on Drupal 10 (D10) without any major issues.

D9 is no longer supported as of the end of November 2023. D10 has been around for a little while, and even if every module is not supported yet, what you need and want for Archipelago has long been ready for D10. However, Archipelago is still D9 (1.2.0) compatible if it's necessary for you to stay back a little longer.

This documentation is meant to be a guide/helper, not a single-click-magic solution. Why? Because your Drupal environment and your local github branches for this whole project might have diverged really a lot from a vanilla Archipelago base deployment. You might have new templates, custom composer.json, new modules, changed webforms and Views. That is not an Archipelago issue, more like a How do i keep any Drupal instance, YAML files, custom configurations and modules in version control and in sync as i upgrade other parts, issue.

Requirements

  • An archipelago-deployment-live instance 1.1.0 (working, tested) deployed using provided instructions via Docker and running Drupal 9.
  • Basic knowledge, patience and instincts (+ courage) on how to run Terminal Commands, composer and drush.
  • Patience(again). You can't skip steps here.
  • For shell Commands documented here please copy line by line--not the whole block.
  • You are running already version control and know how to git pull/push/merge.

Backing up and preparing for the upgrade

Backups are always going to be your best friends. Archipelago's code, database, and settings are mostly self-contained in your current archipelago-deployment-live repo folder, and backing up is simple because of that.

Step 1:

On a terminal, cd into your running archipelago-deployment-live folder, then cd inside the deploy/ec2-docker subfolders and shut down your docker-compose ensemble by running the following:

docker-compose down

Step 2:

Verify that all containers are actually down. The following command should return an empty listing:

docker ps

If anything is still running, wait a little longer and run the command again.

Step 3:

Now let's tar.gz the whole ensemble with data and configs. We will exclude here the local source caches generated by Cantaloupe. If these or not exist will depend on how custom your deployment is. As an example we will save this into your $HOME folder. As a good practice we append the current date (YEAR-MONTH-DAY) to the filename. Here we assume today is December 12th of 2023.

We will cd back to the parent folder of your running archipelago-deployment-live folder, so three levels down, assuming you are right now inside archipelago-deployment-live/deploy/ec2-docker

cd ../../..
sudo tar --exclude=archipelago-deployment-live/data_storage/iiifcache --exclude=archipelago-deployment-live/data_storage/iiiftmp -czvpf $HOME/archipelago-deployment-D9-20231212.tar.gz archipelago-deployment-live

The process may take a few minutes. Now let's verify that all is there and that the tar.gz is not corrupt.

tar -tvvf $HOME/archipelago-deployment-D9-20231212.tar.gz

You will see a listing of files, and at the end you will see something like this: Archive Format: POSIX pax interchange format, Compression: gzip. If corrupt (Do you have enough space? Did your ssh connection drop?) you will see the following:

tar: Unrecognized archive format

Step 4:

cd again into your running archipelago-deployment-live folder, then cd inside the deploy/ec2-docker Restart your docker-compose ensemble, and wait a little while for all to start.

docker-compose up -d

Step 5:

Export/backup all of your live Archipelago 1.1.0, Drupal 9 configurations (this allows you to compare/come back in case you lose something custom during the upgrade).

docker exec esmero-php mkdir config/backup
docker exec esmero-php drush cex --destination=/var/www/html/config/backup

Good. Now it's safe to begin the upgrade process.


Upgrading to 1.3.0

Step 1: Edit docker-composer.yml

First we are going to edit your docker-compose.yml file to reference the latest PHP container as needed. Starting in your Archipelago deployment directory location, run the following commands:

If you have not already, run:

docker-compose down

Then open your docker-compose.yml file:

nano docker-compose.yml

Inside your docker-compose.yml file, page down to the php section and change the image section to match exactly as follows:

image: "esmero/php-8.1-fpm:1.2.0-multiarch"

Next page down to the iiif section and change the image section to match exactly as follows:

image: "esmero/cantaloupe-s3:6.0.1-multiarch"

Save your changes.

Step 2: docker pull and check

Time to fetch the latest branch and update our docker compose and composer dependencies. To pull the images and bring up the ensemble, run:

docker compose pull
docker compose up -d

Give all a little time to start. Please be patient. To ensure all is well, run (more than once if necessary) the following:

docker ps

You should see something like this (your versions might vary):

CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                                      COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                              NAMES
355e13878b7e   nginx                                      "/docker-entrypoint.…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   0.0.0.0:8001->80/tcp               esmero-web
86b685008158   solr:8.11.2                                "docker-entrypoint.s…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   0.0.0.0:8983->8983/tcp             esmero-solr
a8f0d9c6d4a9   esmero/cantaloupe-s3:6.0.1-multiarch       "sh -c 'java -Dcanta…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   0.0.0.0:8183->8182/tcp             esmero-cantaloupe
6642340b2496   mariadb:10.6.12-focal                      "docker-entrypoint.s…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   3306/tcp                           esmero-db
0aef7df34037   minio/minio:RELEASE.2022-06-11T19-55-32Z   "/usr/bin/docker-ent…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   0.0.0.0:9000-9001->9000-9001/tcp   esmero-minio
28ee3fb4e7a7   esmero/php-8.1-fpm:1.2.0-multiarch         "docker-php-entrypoi…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   9000/tcp                           esmero-php
a81c36d51a81   esmero/esmero-nlp:fasttext-multiarch       "/usr/local/bin/entr…"   10 minutes ago   Up 10 minutes   0.0.0.0:6400->6400/tcp             esmero-nlp

Important here is the STATUS column. It needs to be a number that goes up in time every time you run docker ps again (and again). Note: We will update from Solr 8.11.2 to Solr 9.1.1 only after we are sure all is running correctly.

Step 3. Updates for key Drupal and Archipelago modules

Now we are going to tell composer to update the key Drupal and Archipelago modules.

First we are going to disable and remove a few minor Drupal modules. Run the following commands (in order):

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm-uninstall fancy_file_delete"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:uninstall quickedit"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/fancy_file_delete"

Now update the versions used for these Drupal modules:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/jquery_ui_slider:^2 drupal/jquery_ui_effects:^2 drupal/jquery_ui:1.6 drupal/jquery_ui_datepicker:^2 drupal/jquery_ui_touch_punch:^1 drupal/better_exposed_filters:6.0.3 --no-update --with-all-dependencies"

And now update one other Drupal module and the main Archipelago modules:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/views_bulk_operations:^4.2' 'strawberryfield/strawberryfield:1.3.0.x-dev' 'strawberryfield/webform_strawberryfield:1.3.0.x-dev' 'strawberryfield/format_strawberryfield:1.3.0.x-dev' 'strawberryfield/strawberry_runners:0.7.0.x-dev' 'archipelago/ami:0.7.0.x-dev' --no-update --with-all-dependencies"

From inside your archipelago-deployment-live repo folder, and inside the drupal subfolder, we are now going to open up file permissions for some of your most protected Drupal files.

sudo chmod 777 web/sites/default
sudo chmod 666 web/sites/default/*settings.php
sudo chmod 666 web/sites/default/*services.yml

Step 4: Disable/Remove for additional select Drupal modules

We are going to remove additional select Drupal modules that are not 1.3.0 or D10 compliant.

Please run each of the following commands separately, in order, and do not skip any commands.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove symfony/http-kernel symfony/yaml --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/config_inspector:^2 --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:uninstall jsonapi_earlyrendering_workaround"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/jsonapi_earlyrendering_workaround --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/core:^10' 'drupal/core-recommended:^10' 'drupal/core-composer-scaffold:^10' 'drupal/core-project-message:^10' --update-with-dependencies --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/core-dev:^10' --dev --update-with-dependencies --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/google_api_client"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drush/drush:^12' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/twig_tweak:^2 --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/config_inspector:^2 --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/config_update:2.0.x-dev --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/config_update_ui --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/context:^5.0@RC' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/devel:^5.1' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/sophron --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove fileeye/mimemap --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/imagemagick:^3 --no-update"  
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove fileeye/mimemap --no-update"    
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/jsonapi_earlyrendering_workaround --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/imce:^3.0' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/search_api_attachments:^9.0' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/twig_tweak:^3.2' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/webform_entity_handler:^2.0' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/webformnavigation:^2.0' --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/webform_jqueryui_datepicker:^6 --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/rdf --no-update "
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/form_mode_manager --no-update"

Well done! If you see no issues and all ends in Green colored messages, all is good! Jump to Step 5

What if all is not OK, and I see red and a lot of dependency explanations?

If you have manually installed packages via composer in the past that are NO longer Drupal 10 compatible you may see errors. In that case you need to check each package website's (normally https://www.drupal.org/project/the_module_name) and check if there is a Drupal 10 compatible version.

If so run:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/the_module_name:^VERSION_NUMBER_THAT_WORKS_ON_DRUPAL10_' --update-with-dependencies --no-update" and run **Step 3 ** again (and again until all is cleared)

If not, try to find a replacement module that does something similar, but in any case you may end up having to remove before proceeding. Give us a ping/slack/google group/open a github ISSUE if you find yourself uncertain about this.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm-uninstall the_module_name"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/the_module_name --no-update"

Step 5: Update composer.json

Now you need to update your composer.json file to include an important patch. Starting in your Archipelago deployment directory location, run the following commands:

nano composer.json

Inside your composer.json file, page down to the "patches" section and change the section to match exactly as follows:

"patches": {
      "drupal/form_mode_manager": {
       "D10 compatibility": "https://www.drupal.org/files/issues/2023-11-07/3297262-62-form-mode-manager-D10.patch"
      },
      "drupal/ds": {
       "https://www.drupal.org/project/ds/issues/3338860": "https://www.drupal.org/files/issues/2023-04-04/3338860-5-d10-compatible_0.patch"
      }
    }

Save your changes and then run:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer update -W"

Step 6: One final round of Drupal module updates

We will now run a few more updates for additional Drupal modules.

Please run each of the following commands separately, in order, and do not skip any commands.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require mglaman/composer-drupal-lenient"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer config --merge --json extra.drupal-lenient.allowed-list '[\"drupal/form_mode_manager\"]'"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/form_mode_manager:2.x-dev@dev'"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/color:^1.0'"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/hal"  
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/aggregator"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/ckeditor"  
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/seven"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require archipelago/archipelago_subtheme:1.3.0.x-dev"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/classy drupal/stable"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:uninstall hal"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:uninstall rdf"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:install jquery_ui"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush pm:install jquery_ui_effects"

Whew, that's a lot of module updates! Now run one final database update command:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush updatedb"

Step 7: Optional Syncs

Optionally, you can sync your new Archipelago 1.3.0 and bring in all the latest configs and settings. This requires you do fetch, either via git or manually via wget or curl newer configs from https://github.com/esmero/archipelago-deployment-live/tree/1.3.0/drupal/config/sync into the same folder structure/location of your deployment.

For this you have two options (no worries, remember you made a backup!):

A Partial Sync, which will bring new configs and update existing ones but will not remove ones that only exist in your custom setup, e.g. new Webforms or View Modes.

docker exec esmero-php drush cim -y --partial

A Complete Sync, which will bring new things and update existing but will also remove all the ones that are not part of 1.3.0. It's a like clean factory reset.

docker exec esmero-php drush cim -y

If all goes well here and you see no errors it's time to reindex Solr because there are new Fields. Run the following:

docker exec esmero-php drush search-api-reindex
docker exec esmero-php drush search-api-index

You might see some warnings related to modules dealing with previously non-existent data—no worries, just ignore those.

If you made it this far you are done with code/devops (are we ever ready?), and that means you should be able to (hopefully) stay in the Drupal 10 realm for a few years!

Step 8: Update (or not) your Metadata Display Entities and menu items

Recommended: If you want to add new templates and menu items 1.3.0 provides, you need to fetch everything from this remote https://github.com/esmero/archipelago-deployment-live/tree/1.3.0/drupal/d8content to your local installation into the same folder structure/location and then run:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/deploy.sh'

Important: If you don't download/sync/git merge (or your prefered method) then the command will add nothing, since you will be running this command against 1.1.0 content.

Once that is done, you can choose to update all Metadata Displays (twig templates) we ship with new 1.3.0 versions (heavily adjusted IIIF manifests, better Object description template using Macros). Before you do this, we strongly recommend that you first make sure to manually (copy/paste) backup any Twig templates you have modified. If unsure, do not run the command that comes after this warning! You can always manually copy the new templates from the d8content/metadatadisplays folder which contains text versions (again, copy/paste) of each shipped template you can pick and use when you feel ready.

If you are sure (like really?) you really want to overwrite the ones you modified (sure, just checking?), then you can run this (make sure you edit that file):

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/update_deployed.sh'

Done! (For realz now)

Step 9

Please login to your Archipelago and test/check all is working! Enjoy 1.3.0 and Drupal 10. Thanks! Also please keep all your new changes under version control. Check what has changed. git add and git commit -m "What i changed" as needed.

Step 10

If all looks good and you are not missing any functionality (please be thorough about testing), it is time to Jump to Upgrading to Solr 9.11


Need help? Blue Screen? Missed a step? Need a hug or someone that listens to you in silence?

If you see any issues or errors or need help with a step, please let us know (ASAP!). You can either open an issue in this repository or use the Google Group. We are here to help.

Caring & Coding + Fixing + Testing

License

GPLv3