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Archipelago-deployment-live: upgrading from 1.0.0-RC3 to 1.0.0

What is this documentation for?

If you already have a well-set-up and well-loved Archipelago (RC3 or your own custom version) running Drupal 9, this documentation will allow you to update to 1.0.0 without major issues.


  • An archipelago-deployment-live instance 1.0.0-RC3 (working, tested) deployed using provided instructions via Docker and running Drupal 9.
  • Basic knowledge and instincts (+ courage) on how to run Terminal Commands, composer and drush.
  • Patience. You can't skip steps here.
  • For Shell Commands documented here please copy line by line—not the whole block.

Backing up and preparing for the upgrade

Backups are always going to be your best friends. Archipelago's code, database and settings are mostly self-contained in your current archipelago-deployment-live repo folder, and backing up is simple because of that.

Step 1:

Shut down your docker-compose ensemble. Move to your archipelago-deployment-live folder and run this:

cd deploy/ec2-docker
docker-compose down

Step 2:

Verify that all containers are actually down. The following command should return an empty listing. If anything is still running, wait a little longer, and run the following comman again.

docker ps

Step 3:

Now let's tar.gz the whole ensemble with data and configs. As an example we will save this into your $HOME folder. As a good practice we append the current date (YEAR-MONTH-DAY) to the filename. Here we assume today is December 1st of 2021.

sudo tar -czvpf $HOME/archipelago-deployment-live-backup-20220803.tar.gz ../../../archipelago-deployment-live

The process may take a few minutes. Now let's verify that all is there and that the tar.gz is not corrupt.

tar -tvvf $HOME/archipelago-deployment-live-backup-20220803.tar.gz 

You will see a listing of files. If corrupt (Do you have enough space? Did your ssh connection drop?) you will see the following:

tar: Unrecognized archive format

Step 4:

Restart your docker-compose ensemble, and wait a little while for all to start.

docker-compose up -d

Step 5:

Export/backup all of your live Archipelago configurations (this allows you to compare/come back in case you lose something custom during the upgrade).

docker exec esmero-php mkdir config/backup
docker exec esmero-php drush cex --destination=/var/www/html/config/backup

Good. Now it's safe to begin the upgrade.

Upgrading to 1.0.0

Step 1:

First we are going to disable modules that are not part of 1.0.0 or are not yet compatible with Drupal 9.4.x or higher . Run the following command:

docker exec esmero-php drush pm-uninstall search_api_solr_defaults entity_reference

From inside your archipelago-deployment-live repo folder we are going to open up the file permissions for some of your most protected Drupal files.

cd ../../
sudo chmod 777 drupal/web/sites/default
sudo chmod 666 drupal/web/sites/default/*settings.php
sudo chmod 666 drupal/web/sites/default/*services.yml

Step 2:

First let's back up our current composer.lock:

cp drupal/composer.lock drupal/composer.original.lock

Time to fetch the 1.0.0 branch and update our docker-compose and composer dependencies. We are also going to stop the current docker ensemble to update all containers to newer versions:

cd deploy/ec2-docker
docker-compose down
git fetch
git checkout 1.0.0 

If you decide to enable the Drupal REDIS module, make sure to add the REDIS_PASSWORD variable to your .env file.

IMPORTANT NOTE: For AWS EC2. If you selected an IAM role for your server when setting it up/deploying it, will use the AWS EC2-backed internal API to request access to your S3. This means the ROLE itself needs to have read/write access (ACL) to the given Bucket(s) and your key/secrets won't be able to override that. Please do not ignore this note. It will save you a LOT of frustration and coffee. You can also run an EC2 instance without a given IAM and in that case just the ACCESS_KEY/SECRET will matter.

Now that you know, you also know that these values should not be shared and this .env file should not be committed/kept in version control. Please be careful.

Now let's back up the existing docker-compose file:

cp docker-compose.yml docker-compose-original.yml

Then copy the appropriate docker-compose file for your architecture:

cp docker-compose-aws-s3.yml docker-compose.yml
Linux/ARM64/Apple Silicon (M1 and M2)
cp docker-compose-aws-s3-arm64.yml docker-compose.yml

Next, let's review what's changed in case any customizations need to be brought into the new docker-compose configurations:

git diff --no-index docker-compose-original.yml docker-compose.yml

You should encounter something like the following:

diff --git a/docker-compose-original.yml b/docker-compose.yml
index 6f5b17e..282417f 100644
--- a/docker-compose-original.yml
+++ b/docker-compose.yml
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 # Run docker-compose up -d
+# Docker file for AMD64/X86 machines
 version: '3.5'
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ services:
       - solr
       - php
       - db
+      - redis
     tty: true
       - host-net
@@ -30,7 +31,7 @@ services:
     container_name: esmero-php
     restart: always
-    image: "esmero/php-7.4-fpm:1.0.0-RC2-multiarch"
+    image: "esmero/php-8.0-fpm:1.1.0-multiarch"
     tty: true
       - host-net
@@ -44,10 +45,11 @@ services:
     container_name: esmero-solr
     restart: always
-    image: "solr:8.8.2"
+    image: "solr:8.11.2"

As you can see, most of the changes in this example are for new images and a new service/container/environment variable (REDIS), but you may have custom settings for your containers. Review any differences carefully and make adjustments as needed.

Finally, pull the images:

docker compose pull 

1.0.0 provides a new Cantaloupe that uses different permissions so we need to adapt those. From your current folder (../ec2-deploy) run:

sudo chown 8183:8183 ../../config_storage/iiifconfig/
sudo chown -R 8183:8183 ../../data_storage/iiifcache
sudo chown -R 8183:8183 ../../data_storage/iiiftmp

Time to start the ensemble again

docker compose up -d

Give all a little time to start. Solr core and Database need to be upgraded, Cantaloupe is new and this brings also Redis for caching. Please be patient. To ensure all is well, run (more than once if necessary) the following:

docker ps

You should see something like this: e.g if running on ARM64 You should see something like this:

CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                                    COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                                                           NAMES
4ed2f62e866e   jonasal/nginx-certbot                      "/docker-entrypoint.…" 32 seconds ago   Up 27 seconds>80/tcp, :::80->80/tcp,>443/tcp, :::443->443/tcp   esmero-web
e6b4383039c3   minio/minio:RELEASE.2022-06-11T19-55-32Z   "/usr/bin/docker-ent…" 33 seconds ago   Up 30 seconds>9000-9001/tcp, :::9000-9001->9000-9001/tcp              esmero-minio
f2b6b173b7e2   solr:8.11.2                                "docker-entrypoint.s…" 33 seconds ago   Up 28 seconds>8983/tcp, :::8983->8983/tcp                                  esmero-solr
a553bf484343   esmero/php-8.0-fpm:1.0.0-multiarch         "docker-php-entrypoi…" 33 seconds ago   Up 30 seconds   9000/tcp                                                                   esmero-php
ecb47349ae94   esmero/esmero-nlp:fasttext-multiarch       "/usr/local/bin/entr…" 33 seconds ago   Up 30 second>6400/tcp, :::6400->6400/tcp                                  esmero-nlp
61272dce034a   redis:6.2-alpine                           "docker-entrypoint.s…" 33 seconds ago   Up 28 seconds                                                                              esmero-redis
0ee9869f809b   esmero/cantaloupe-s3:6.0.0-multiarch       "sh -c 'java -Dcanta…" 33 seconds ago   Up 28 seconds>8182/tcp, :::8183->8182/tcp                                  esmero-cantaloupe
131d072567ce   mariadb:10.6.8-focal                       "docker-entrypoint.s…" 33 seconds ago   Up 28 seconds   3306/tcp                                                                   esmero-db                                            esmero-php

Important here is the STATUS column. It needs to be a number that goes up in time every time you run docker ps again (and again).

Step 3:

Instead of using the provided composer.default.lock out of the box we are going to loosen certain dependencies and bring manually Archipelago modules, all this to make update easier and future upgrades less of a pain.

First, as a sanity check let's make sure nothing happened to our original composer.lock fileby doing a diff against our backed up file:

git diff --no-index ../../drupal/composer.original.lock ../../drupal/composer.lock

If all is ok, there should be no output. If there's any output, copy your backed up file back to default:

cp ../../drupal/composer.original.lock ../../drupal/composer.lock

Finally, we bring over the modules:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/core:^9 drupal/core-composer-scaffold:^9 drupal/core-project-message:^9 drupal/core-recommended:^9"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/core-dev:^9 --dev"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/tokenuuid:^2"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/facets:^2.0'"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/moderated_content_bulk_publish:^2"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/queue_ui:^3.1"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require drupal/jquery_ui_touch_punch:^1.1"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require archipelago/ami:0.4.0.x-dev strawberryfield/format_strawberryfield:1.0.0.x-dev strawberryfield/strawberryfield:1.0.0.x-dev strawberryfield/strawberry_runners:0.4.0.x-dev strawberryfield/webform_strawberryfield:1.0.0.x-dev drupal/views_bulk_operations:^4.1"

Now we are going to tell composer to actually fetch the new code and dependencies using composer.lock and update the whole Drupal/PHP/JS environment.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer update -W"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush cr"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush en jquery_ui_touch_punch"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush updatedb"

Well done! If you see no issues and all ends in a Green colored message all is good! Jump to Step 4

What if not all is OK and I see red and a lot of dependency explanations?

If you have manually installed packages via composer in the past that are NO longer Drupal 9 compatible you may see errors. In that case you need to check each package website's (normally and check if there is a Drupal 9 compatible version.

If so run:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer require 'drupal/the_module_name:^VERSION_NUMBER_THAT_WORKS_ON_DRUPAL9_' --update-with-dependencies --no-update" and run **Step 3 ** again (and again until all is cleared)

If not: try to find a replacement module that does something simular, but in any case you may end having to remove before proceding. Give us a ping/slack/google group/open a github ISSUE if you find yourself uncertain about this.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer remove drupal/the_module_name --no-update"
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c " drush pm-uninstall the_module_name"

Step 4:

We will now ask Drupal to update some internal configs and databases. They will bring you up to date with 1.0.0 settings and D9 particularities.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/'
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "drush updatedb"

Step 5:

Now you can Sync your new Archipelago 1.0.0 and bring all the new configs and settings in. For this you have two options (no worries, remember you made a backup!):

A Partial Sync, which will bring new configs and update existing ones but will not remove ones that only exist in your custom setup, e.g. new Webforms or View Modes.

docker exec esmero-php drush cim -y --partial

A Complete Sync, which will bring new configs and update existing ones but will also remove all the ones that are not part of RC3. It's a like clean factory reset.

docker exec esmero-php drush cim -y

If all goes well here and you see no errors it's time to reindex Solr because there are new Fields. Run the following:

docker exec esmero-php drush search-api-reindex
docker exec esmero-php drush search-api-index

You might see some warnings related to modules dealing with previously non-existent data—no worries, just ignore those.

If you made it this far you are done with code/devops (are we ever ready?), and that means you should be able to (hopefully) stay in the Drupal 9 realm for a few years!

Step 7: Update (or not) your Metadata Display Entities and Menu items.

Recommended: If you want to add new templates and menu items 1.0.0 provides, go to your base Github repo folder, replace in the following commands with the actual domain of your Server and run those individually:

sed -i 's/http:\/\/esmero-web/https:\/\/' drupal/scripts/archipelago/
sed -i 's/http:\/\/esmero-web/https:\/\/' drupal/scripts/archipelago/

Now update your Metadata Display Templates and Blocks

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/'

Once that is done, you can choose to update all Metadata Displays (Twig templates) we ship with new 1.0.0 versions (heavily fixed IIIF manifest, Markdown to HTML for Metadata, better Object descriptions). But before you do this, we really recommend that you first make sure to manually (copy/paste) backup any Twig templates you have modified. If unusure, do not run the command that comes after this warning! You can always manually copy the new templates from the d8content/metadatadisplays folder which contains text versions (again, copy/paste) of each shipped template you can pick and use when you feel ready.

If you are sure (like really?) you want to overwrite the ones you modified (sure, just checking?), then you can run this:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/'

Done! (For realz now)

Please log into your Archipelago and test/check all is working! Enjoy 1.0.0. Thanks!

Thank you for reading! Please contact us on our Archipelago Commons Google Group with any questions or feedback, or open an ISSUE in this Archipelago Deployment Live Repository.

Return to Archipelago Live Deployment.