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Installing Archipelago Drupal 10 on Ubuntu 18.04 or 20.04

About running terminal commands

This guide assumes you are comfortable enough running terminal (bash) commands on a Linux Computer.

We made sure that you can copy and paste each of these commands from this guide directly into your terminal.

You will notice sometimes commands span more than a single line of text. If that is the case, always make sure you copy and paste a single line at a time and press the Enter key afterwards. We suggest you also look at the output.

If something fails (and we hope it does not) troubleshooting will be much easier if you can share that output when asking for help.

Happy deploying!


  • At least 10 Gbytes of free space (to get started)
  • Some basic Unix/Terminal Skills
  • 2-4 Gbytes of RAM (4 Recommended)
  • Install Docker if you don't have it already by running:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common
curl -fsSL | sudo apt-key add -
sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] bionic stable"
sudo apt update
sudo apt-cache policy docker-ce
sudo apt install docker-ce
sudo systemctl status docker

sudo usermod -aG docker ${USER}

Log out, and log in again!

sudo apt install docker-compose

Git tools are included by default in Ubuntu.

Wait! Question: Do you have a previous version of Archipelago running?

If so, let's give that hard working repository a break first. If not, Step 1:

  • Open a terminal (you have that already right?) and go to your previous download/git clone folder and run:
docker-compose down
docker-compose rm
  • Can't remember where you downloaded it? Ok. We can deal with that!

Let's stop the containers gracefully first, run:

docker stop esmero-web
docker stop esmero-solr
docker stop esmero-db
docker stop esmero-cantaloupe
docker stop esmero-php
docker stop esmero-minio
docker stop esmero-nlp

Now we need to remove them so we run the following:

docker rm esmero-web
docker rm esmero-solr
docker rm esmero-db
docker rm esmero-cantaloupe
docker rm esmero-php
docker rm esmero-minio
docker rm esmero-nlp

Ok, now we are ready to start.

Step 1: Deployment

Prefer to watch a video to see what it's like to install? Go to our user contributed documentation[^1]!


If you run docker-compose as root user (using sudo) some enviromental variables, like the current folder used inside the docker-compose.yml to mount the Volumes, will not work and you will see a bunch of errors.

There are two possible solutions.

  • The best is to add your user to the docker group (so no sudo needed).
  • The second option is to replace every {$PWD} inside your docker-compose.yml with either the full path to your current folder, or with a . and wrap that whole line in double quotes, basically making the paths for volumes relatives.

Instead of: - ${PWD}:/var/www/html:cached use: - ".:/var/www/html:cached"

Now that you got it, let's deploy:

git clone archipelago-deployment
cd archipelago-deployment
git checkout 1.4.0
cp docker-compose-linux.yml docker-compose.yml
docker-compose pull
docker-compose up -d

Note: docker-compose.yml is git ignored in case you make local adjustments or changes to it.

You need to make sure Docker can read/write to your local Drive, a.k.a mounted volumes (especially if you decided not to run it as root because we told you so!).

This means in practice running:

sudo chown -R 8183:8183 persistent/iiifcache
sudo chown -R 8983:8983 persistent/solrcore

And then:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "chown -R www-data:www-data private"

Question: Why is this last command different? Answer: Just a variation. The long answer is that the internal www-data user in that container (Alpine Linux) has uid:82, but on Ubuntu the www-data user has a different one so we let Docker assign the uid from inside instead. In practice you could also run directly sudo chown -R 82:82 private which would only apply to an Alpine use case, which can differ in the future! Does this make sense? No worries if not.

Step 2: Set up your Minio S3 bucket

Once all containers are up and running (you can do a docker ps to check), access http://localhost:9001 using your most loved Web Browser with the following credentials:


and create a bucket named "archipelago". To do so go to the Buckets section in the navigation pane, and click Create Bucket +. Type archipelago under Bucket Name and submit, done! That is where we will persist all your Files and also your File copies of each Digital Object. You can always go there and explore what Archipelago (well really Strawberryfield does the hard work) has persisted so you can get comfortable with our architecture.

Step 3: Deploy Drupal 10 and the awesome Archipelago Modules

The following will run composer inside the esmero-php container to download all dependencies and Drupal Core too.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c "composer install"

You might see a warning: Do not run Composer as root/super user! See for details and the a long list of PHP packages. Don't worry. All is good here. Keep following the instructions! Once that command finishes run our setup script:

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/'

Explanation: That script will append some important configurations to your local web/sites/default/settings.php.

Note: We say local because your whole Drupal web root (the one you cloned) is also mounted inside the esmero-php and esmero-web containers. So edits to PHP files, for example, can be done without accessing the container directly from your local folder.

If this is the first time you're deploying Drupal using the provided Configurations run:

docker exec -ti -u www-data esmero-php bash -c "cd web;../vendor/bin/drush -y si --verbose --existing-config --db-url=mysql://root:esmerodb@esmero-db/drupal --account-name=admin --account-pass=archipelago -r=/var/www/html/web --sites-subdir=default --notify=false;drush cr;chown -R www-data:www-data sites;"

Note: You will see these warnings:

[warning] The "block_content:9aa72fb1-2817-44a7-8fb5-a3eb51166e83" was not found [warning] The "block_content:1cdf7155-eb60-4f27-9e5e-64fffe93127a" was not found [warning] The "facets_summary_block:advance" was not found [warning] The "facets_summary_block:search_page_facet_summary" was not found

Nothing to worry about. We will provide the missing part in Step 5.

Note 2: Please be patient. This step takes now 25-30% longer because of how the most recent Drupal Installation code fetches translations and other resources (see Performed install task). This means progress might look like getting "stuck", go and get a coffee/tea and let it run to the end.

Once finished, this will give you an admin Drupal user with archipelago as password (change this if running on a public instance!) and also set the right Docker Container owner for your Drupal installation files.

Final note about Steps 2-3: You don't need to, nor should you do this more than once. You can destroy/stop/update, recreate your Docker containers, and start again (git pull), and your Drupal and Data will persist once you've passed the Installation complete message. I repeat, all other containers' data is persisted inside the persistent/ folder contained in this cloned git repository. Drupal and all its code is visible, editable, and stable inside your web/ folder.

Step 4: Create a "demo "and a "jsonapi" user using drush and assign your "admin" user the Administrator Role.

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'drush ucrt demo --password="demo"; drush urol metadata_pro "demo"'
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'drush ucrt jsonapi --password="jsonapi"; drush urol metadata_api "jsonapi"'
docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'drush urol administrator "admin"'

Step 5: Ingest some Metadata Displays to make playing much more interactive

Archipelago is more fun without having to start writing Metadata Displays (in Twig) before you know what they actually are. Since you should now have a jsonapi user and jsonapi should be enabled, you can use that awesome functionality of D8 to get that done. We have 4 demo Metadata Display Entities that go well with the demo Webform we provided. To do that execute in your shell (copy and paste):

docker exec -ti esmero-php bash -c 'scripts/archipelago/'

You are done! Open your most loved Web Browser and point it to http://localhost:8001

Note: It can take some time to start the first time (Drupal needs some warming up). The Ubuntu deployment is WAY faster than the OSX deployment because of the way the bind mount volumes are handled by the driver. Our experience is that Archipelago basically reacts instantly!

Step 6: Optional but more fun if you add content

One-Step Demo content ingest

Need help? Blue Screen? Missed a step? Need a hug?

If you see any issues or errors or need help with a step, please let us know (ASAP!). You can either open an issue in this repository or use the Google Group. We are here to help.

If you like this, let us know!

User contributed documentation (A Video!)[^1]:

Installing Archipelago on AWS Ubuntu by Zach Spalding:

[^1]: You may find this user contributed tutorial video, which was created for an earlier Archipelago release, to be helpful. Please note that there are significant differences between the executed steps and that you need to follow the current release instructions in order to have a successful deployment.

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